What is dialysis

There can be two definitions for the word dialysis, and in chemistry terms, dialysis is described as elements being separated in a liquid. While in medicine, it is described as the filtration of blood vessels in the body when the kidneys in the body could not function properly. It’s appropriate to discuss this subject, so let’s talk dialysis.

To know what dialysis is, it is good to also know its association in the medical world. Dialysis is mainly done when a person is diagnosed with a serious kidney infection that will require the treatment. Two major types of dialysis exist, but the common goal is the same, to clean the blood vessels from waste on behalf of the kidney. What the public should also know is that dialysis is an artificial treatment procedure in waste removal and is not a guaranteed cure. Nor is it a permanent solution.

The first type of dialysis is Hemodialysis. This is the conventional type of dialysis wherein a tube is used to carry blood into the machine where it will be filtered. Excess water and toxins are separated and the filtered blood is delivered back to the body. Four to five hours is required for this type of dialysis and will need to be complied thrice a week.

For those in kidney failure, the main function of the kidney is to clean out fluids inside the human anatomy and once the kidney is damaged and could no longer perform the complete filtration process, kidney dialysis is an option. If a person does not act quickly on a damaged kidney, it may lead to coma and soon death caused by stagnant waste in the body.

The second type is Peritoneal Dialysis. This method uses the present membrane called peritoneum in the abdomen that producing blood from dissolved glucose, electrolytes, urea and other tiny particles. A catheter is attached to the abdomen and infused with dialysate which needs to dwell in the inside for four to six hours before it is removed by the same process it was inserted. Waste can be removed on a regular basis. With peritoneal dialysis, the patient can practice this method at home with a prescription from the assigned physician. This is also less costly compared to hemodialysis.

Some patients diagnosed with kidney infection or disease might stick to the treatment for life, there are some though who may only need a few sessions and after can go back to living normal lives. It is best to consult a certified medical practitioner whose expertise lie in internal medicine.

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